Child Custody After Divorce in Bangladesh

Child Custody After Divorce in Bangladesh: Legal Considerations

Separating from your spouse isn’t just about dividing your resources but also figuring out who or how your kid, if you have any, will be taken care of. Child custody after divorce in Bangladesh is as challenging as in most other countries. In this article, we will examine the procedure and legal considerations you need to take to figure out child custody. Above all else, you need to consider your child’s interest.

Legal Framework in Bangladesh

Child custody is the legal journey where a court makes decisions about who will be responsible for a child’s everyday life and important choices after their parents separate or get a divorce. In Bangladesh, the rules for child custody are guided by the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937, and the Family Courts Ordinance, 1985.

Types of Child Custody

In Bangladesh, child custody can be divided into primary options. The two options are:

  • Physical Custody: Physical custody refers to the privilege of having the child live with you. It involves the day-to-day care, upbringing, and residence of the child.
  • Legal Custody: Legal custody applies to the right to make crucial decisions regarding the child’s life, including choices related to education, religion, and medical care.

Exploring Joint and Sole Custody in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, child custody arrangements commonly fall under joint custody, where both parents share equal physical and legal custody rights. This means they collaborate on daily care and decision-making responsibilities.

However, the court might opt for sole custody in certain situations, granting all custody rights to one parent. This decision is made with the paramount consideration of the child’s best interests, ensuring a stable and supportive environment for their well-being.

Legal Procedures

Since you have a clearer understanding of child custody law in Bangladesh, we will go through the process of doing it now. This procedure involves court hearings and, in some cases, mediation. Please keep in mind parents need to be aware of the steps involved and the documentation required to present their case effectively. We will break the process down to make it easier for you to follow.

The First Step

The initial phase of the child custody process involves submitting a formal petition to the Family Court. This crucial document should encompass specific details, such as:

  • Identifying Information: Providing the names and addresses of both parents and the child. This essential information ensures clarity and accuracy in legal proceedings.
  • Timeline of Marriage and Separation: Including significant dates, such as the commencement of the marriage and the date of separation. A clear timeline helps establish the context and duration of the relationship.
  • Explanation for Divorce or Separation: Detailing the reasons behind the divorce or separation. This section allows the court to understand the circumstances leading to the custody dispute.
  • Proposed Custody Arrangement: Outlining the suggested custody plan. Presenting the desired arrangement gives the court insight into the parents’ preferences and intentions for the child’s future.

The Second Step

Following the submission of the petition, the other parent will be given a chance to respond. Suppose the parents cannot reach an agreement on the custody arrangement amicably. In that case, the case will proceed to a trial for a legal resolution.

The Trial

During the trial, the court will attentively listen to evidence presented by parents and any pertinent witnesses involved in the case. After considering the factors mentioned earlier, the court will decide on custody. The decision-making process hinges on carefully evaluating the information presented during the trial.

The Final Step

Following the proceedings, the court will issue a written order outlining specific details of the custody arrangement. This comprehensive document will encompass:

  • Time Allocation for Parents: Clearly specifying the allocated time for each parent to spend with the child. This ensures a fair distribution of parenting responsibilities and time-sharing.
  • Decision-Making Authority: Defining the decisions that each parent is authorized to make on behalf of the child. This includes aspects such as education, healthcare, and other essential choices affecting the child’s well-being. The written order is a legal guide for both parents, ensuring clarity and adherence to the established terms.

Factors Influencing Custody Decisions

Factors Influencing Custody Decisions

The court’s decision will be based on numerous factors besides the evidence and testimonials. Here are just five of the most important ones:

  • Considering the Child’s Desires: Consider the child’s preferences, especially if they are mature enough to communicate their wishes effectively. Acknowledging and respecting their desires becomes a crucial aspect in determining custody arrangements.
  • Prioritizing the Child’s Health and Happiness: Placing paramount importance on both the physical and emotional welfare of the child. Ensuring their well-being and happiness becomes a primary consideration, influencing custody decisions for the betterment of the child.
  • Evaluating the Home Environment Stability: Assessing the stability of the living environment where the child will reside. A secure and consistent home environment is essential for the child’s development. It significantly contributes to the court’s decision-making process.
  • Assessing Parental Capability to Provide: Examining the capability of each parent to fulfill the child’s financial and emotional needs. The court considers the ability of parents to provide a supportive and nurturing environment that encompasses the child’s overall development.
  • Promoting Cooperative Parenting: Emphasizing the willingness of each parent to collaborate and cooperate with the other. A healthy and cooperative co-parenting relationship is vital in determining the child’s best interests and promoting a harmonious post-divorce environment.

Challenges in Child Custody Cases

Cultural and societal factors can make child custody cases more complicated. Understanding the impact of parental misconduct on a child’s well-being can also be challenging. Successfully dealing with these difficulties requires a good grasp of legal processes and strategies.

  • Emotional and Legal Challenges: Custody issues are tough to solve during a divorce or breakup, even if it’s friendly. It’s essential to understand the family law court system, know your rights, and use effective strategies to navigate these challenges
  • Special Needs Consideration: Disputes about children with special needs are increasingly common in custody cases. Practical strategies are essential for managing these issues effectively.

Role of Legal Professionals

Both child custody and divorce require the aid of professionals who practice law. With their help, you can proceed with your court case and present yourself strongly. They will also make it easier for you to understand what needs to be done and followed. For the best chance to figure out child custody after divorce in Bangladesh, consider Litigation services from us.

Further Reading: Submitting Video Evidence in Court


In the end, managing child custody after divorce in Bangladesh requires you to consider many factors and present the best case you can with the help of experienced lawyers. You must understand your legal options and proceed carefully through Bangladesh’s court system. There are many challenges you need to overcome to get the best result. 

Our guide into the process has helped you make the best decisions. If you need any more legal help, then contact us immediately. We are always available to make your life as smooth as possible legally.


Q. Is joint custody common in Bangladesh?

The courts consider joint custody, but the decision depends on various factors, including the parent’s ability to cooperate and the child’s best interests.

Q. How does the court determine the child’s best interests?

The court considers parental fitness, emotional bond, living arrangements, and the child’s preferences to determine the best interests.

Q. Are there alternatives to court hearings in child custody cases?

Yes, mediation and alternative dispute resolution methods are often explored to reach an amicable agreement outside the courtroom.

Q. Do grandparents have any rights in child custody cases?

Grandparents may have visitation rights, but their involvement depends on the specific circumstances and the court’s decision.

Q. What can parents do to support their child during the custody process?

Maintaining open communication, seeking counseling for the child, and prioritizing their well-being is crucial during the custody process.

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